Detroit Diesel MBE 4000 EPA07 DDEC 6 Troubleshooting Manual

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Covers: Detroit Diesel MBE 4000 EPA07 DDEC 6 engines
Pages: 654
Format: PDF
File size: 30mb
Compatibility: Windows/Mac/Tablet
Notes: Instant digital download only – no printed copy or CD-ROM media.

This service manual contains detailed troubleshooting and code diagnostics for the Detroit Diesel MBE 4000 engines with DDEC 6 electronic controls. The troubleshooting manual is essential for diesel engine mechanics troubleshooting the engine or DDEC electronic control system. Print off pages, including diagrams and accurate illustrations, at any time and save time and money on repairs.

Topics in the Detroit Diesel MBE 4000 EPA07 DDEC 6 Troubleshooting Manual:

Introduction
Overview
Scope and Use of This Guide
Safety Precautions
Tests
Crankcase Pressure Test
Compression Pressure Test
Fuel Injection
Fuel System Principles of Operation
Fuel System Troubleshooting Tests
Test #1 Downstream Pressure Test
Test #2 Fuel Pressure Test At the Fuel Filter
Test #3 Flow Test — At Fuel Filter
Test #4 Upstream Pressure Test (Pump Suction)
Test #5 Leak Test
Test #6 Fuel Pump Driven Gear Bolt Torque
Misfiring Cylinder
Poor Vehicle Ground
Aerated Fuel
Improper Valve Clearance, Worn or Damaged Camshaft Lobes and Rollers
Faulty Fuel Injector or Unit Pump
Faulty MCM
Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit
Starting Difficulty – Engine Rotates
CPC Wiring Harness
Empty Fuel Tank
Corroded or Damaged Battery Terminals
Defective Starter
Fuel System Checks
Aerated Fuel
Restrictive Air Filter
Low Compression
Extended Crank Time
Fuel Pressure Test
No or Low Fuel Pressure Test
High Fuel Pressure Test
Fuel Pump Test
No Start (Engine Will Not Rotate)
Discharged Battery
Defective Magnetic Switch
Internal Engine Damage
Defective Starter
Engine Will Only Start Using An External Priming Source
Excessive Oil Consumption
Miscalibrated Dipstick
External Oil Leaks
Leaking Oil Cooler Element
Defective Air Compressor
Defective Turbocharger
Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit
Worn or Damaged Valve(S) or Cylinder Kit(S) Repair
Excessive Crankcase Pressure
Obstruction or Damage to Breather System
Defective Air Compressor
Defective Turbocharger
Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit
Excessive Exhaust Smoke (Black or Gray)
Restricted Air Cleaner Element
Restricted or Cracked Charge Air Cooler
Faulty Air Intake Manifold Gasket
Faulty Exhaust System
Aerated Fuel
Faulty Fuel Nozzle
Defective Turbocharger
Improper Grade of Fuel
Faulty EGR Valve
Incorrectly Adjusted Exhaust Brake Valve
Faulty Exhaust Brake Gate
Faulty Exhaust Brake Gate Actuator
Faulty Constant Throttle Valve Solenoid
Improper Valve Clearance, Worn or Damaged Camshaft Lobes and Rollers
Low Compression
Excessive Blue Smoke
Miscalibrated Dipstick
Improper Grade of Lubricating Oil
Defective Turbocharger
Worn or Damaged Intake/Exhaust Valve or Cylinder Kit
Excessive White Smoke
Faulty MCM
Faulty Turbocharger Boost Sensor
Malfunctioning Air Intake (Grid) Preheater
Defective Fuel Pump
Aerated Fuel
Improper Grade of Fuel
Faulty Turbocharger Control Unit
Restricted or Cracked Charge Air Cooler
Faulty Fuel Injection
Improper Valve Clearance, Worn or Damaged Camshaft Lobes and Rollers
Low Cylinder Compression
Rough Running or Stalling
Low Battery Voltage
Aerated Fuel
Insufficient Fuel Flow
Lack of Power
Aerated Fuel
High Fuel Pressure
Faulty Overflow Valve
High Fuel Temperature Return
Restricted Air Cleaner Element
Restricted or Cracked Charge Air Cooler
Faulty Air Intake Manifold Gasket
Faulty Exhaust System
High Inlet Air Temperature
Incorrect Camshaft Timing
High Engine Coolant Temperature
Improper Engine Coolant Level
Insufficient Radiator Air Circulation
Faulty Pressure Control Cap
Defective Coolant Hoses
Incorrectly Adjusted Fan Belt
Inoperative Thermo-Modulated Fan
Faulty Thermostats
Faulty Coolant Pump
Combustion Gases in Coolant
Abnormal Radiator Coolant Flow
Low Oil Pressure
Improper Engine Oil Level
Improper Lubricating Oil Viscosity
Lubricating Oil Diluted With Fuel or Engine Coolant
Faulty Oil Pressure Gauge Sensor
Oil Pressure Gauge Line Obstructed
Restricted Oil Cooler Element
Defective Oil Filter Bypass Valve
Defective Oil Pump Pressure Relief Valve
Defective Suction Pipe
Defective Crankshaft Main Bearing Shells
Defective Oil Pump Assembly
Low Coolant Temperature
Faulty Thermostats
Insufficient Radiator Air Circulation
Poor Fuel Economy
Poor Fuel Economy
DDEC VI System
DDEC VI System–How It Works
Motor Control Module
Common Powertrain Controller
Wires and Wiring
Conduit and Loom
Tape and Taping
Sensors
Instrument Panel Lamps
SPN 27 – EGR Valve Position Circuit Fault
SPN 27/FMI 3
SPN 27/FMI 4
SPN 27/FMI 7
SPN 51 – Intake Throttle Valve Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 51/FMI 2, 3 or 4
SPN 70 (CPC) – J1939 Park Brake Switch Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 70/FMI 13
SPN 70/FMI 19
SPN 84 (CPC) – J1939 Wheel-Based Vehicle Speed Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 84/FMI 13
SPN 84/FMI 19
SPN 84 – Vehicle Speed Sensor
SPN 84/FMI 2
SPN 84/FMI 3
SPN 84/FMI 4
SPN 84/FMI 6
SPN 84/FMI 8
SPN 86 – Adaptive Cruise Control Fault
SPN 86/FMI 14
SPN 91 – Accelerator Pedal Sensor Fault
SPN 91/FMI 2
SPN 91/FMI 3
SPN 91/FMI 4
SPN 94 – Fuel Compensation Pressure Sensor Circuit Fault
SPN 94/FMI 3 or 4
SPN 100 – Engine Oil Pressure Outside Normal Operating Range
SPN 100/FMI 1
SPN 100/FMI 2
SPN 100/FMI 3
SPN 100/FMI 4
SPN 100/FMI 18
SPN 103 – Turbo No Revolution
SPN 103/FMI 0
SPN 103/FMI 1
SPN 103/FMI 3
SPN 103/FMI 4
SPN 103/FMI 7
SPN 110 – Coolant Temperature Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 110/FMI 0
SPN 110/FMI 2
SPN 110/FMI 3
SPN 110/FMI 4
SPN 110/FMI 14
SPN 110/FMI 16
SPN 111 – Coolant Level Outside Normal Operating Range
SPN 111/FMI 1
SPN 111/FMI 3
SPN 111/FMI 4
SPN 132 – Air Mass Adaptation Not Operating Normally
SPN 132/FMI 1
SPN 132/FMI 13
SPN 132/FMI 14
SPN 158 – Battery Charging Fault
SPN 158/FMI 0
SPN 158/FMI 1
SPN 158/FMI 2
SPN 168 – Battery Voltage Outside Normal Operating Range
SPN 168/FMI 0
SPN 168/FMI 1
SPN 168/FMI 14 (Cpu)
SPN 174 – Supply Fuel Temperature Fault
SPN 174/FMI 3
SPN 174/FMI 4
SPN 175 – Engine Oil Temperature Outside Normal Range
SPN 175/FMI 2
SPN 175/FMI 3
SPN 175/FMI 4
SPN 175/FMI 14
SPN 190 – Engine Speed High
SPN 190/FMI 2
SPN 191 (CPC) – J1939 Etc1 Message Missing and Transmission Output Shaft Speed Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 191/FMI 9
SPN 191/FMI 13
SPN 191/FMI 19
SPN 247 (CPC) – MCM Engine Hours Data Higher or Lower Than Expected
SPN 247/FMI 0
SPN 247/FMI 1
SPN 523 (CPC) – Transmission Current Gear Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 523/FMI 19
SPN 523/FMI 13
SPN 524 (CPC) – J1939 Etc2 Message Is Missing
SPN 523/FMI 9
SPN 527 (CPC) – J1939 Ccvs Message Missing
SPN 527/FMI 9
SPN 558 – Idle Validation Switch
SPN 558/FMI 1
SPN 558/FMI 3
SPN 558/FMI 4
SPN 596 (CPC) – Cruise Control Enable Switch Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 596/FMI 13
SPN 596/FMI 19
SPN 597 (CPC) – Service Brake Switch Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 597/FMI 13
SPN 597/FMI 19
SPN 599 – Cruise Control Switches Not Functioning Properly
SPN 599/FMI 4
SPN 600 (CPC) – Cruise Control Coast Switch Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 600/FMI 13
SPN 600/FMI 19
SPN 602 (CPC) – Cruise Control Accelerate Switch Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 602/FMI 13
SPN 602/FMI 19
SPN 609 – MCM Fault (Erroneous Data)
SPN 609/FMI 12
SPN 609/FMI 14
SPN 615 (CPC) – J1939 Dm1 Message From Transmission Missing
SPN 615/FMI 9
SPN 625 – Can Fault
SPN 625/FMI 2
SPN 625/FMI 4
SPN 628 (CPC) – Multiple Faults
SPN 628/FMI 13 (All Fault Descriptions)
SPN 628/FMI 14
SPN 629 (CPC) – Multiple Faults
SPN 629/FMI 2
SPN 629/FMI 12
SPN 630 (CPC) – Multiple Faults
SPN 630/FMI 14
SPN 636 – Crankshaft Position Sensor Outside of Normal Operating Conditions
SPN 636/FMI 1
SPN 636/FMI 3
SPN 636/FMI 4
SPN 636/FMI 7
SPN 636/FMI 8
SPN 641 – Wastegate Control Actuator Operation (Aux PWM #10)
SPN 641/FMI 3
SPN 641/FMI 4
SPN 641/FMI 5
SPN 651 – Injector #1 Not Operating Normally
SPN 651/FMI 6
SPN 651/FMI 14
SPN 652 – Injector #2 Not Operating Normally
SPN 652/FMI 6
SPN 652/FMI 14
SPN 653 – Injector #3 Not Operating Normally
SPN 653/FMI 6
SPN 653/FMI 14
SPN 654 – Injector #4 Not Operating Normally
SPN 654/FMI 6
SPN 654/FMI 14
SPN 655 – Injector #5 Not Operating Normally
SPN 655/FMI 6
SPN 655/FMI 14
SPN 656 – Injector #6 Not Operating Normally
SPN 656/FMI 6
SPN 656/FMI 14
SPN 703 (CPC) – Asg2 Backup Lamp
SPN 703/FMI 3
SPN 703/FMI 4
SPN 704 (CPC) – High Exhaust System Temperature Lamp
SPN 704/FMI 3
SPN 704/FMI 4
SPN 705 (CPC) – Malfunction Indicator Lamp
SPN 705/FMI 3
SPN 705/FMI 4
SPN 706 (CPC) – Asg2 Check Trans Temp Lamp
SPN 706/FMI 3
SPN 706/FMI 4
SPN 707 (CPC) – Amber Warning Lamp
SPN 707/FMI 3
SPN 707/FMI 4
SPN 708 (CPC) – Asg2 Check Trans Lamp
SPN 708/FMI 3
SPN 708/FMI 4
SPN 709 – Single-Speed Fan (Low-Side Digital Output #3) Fault
SPN 709/FMI 3
SPN 709/FMI 4
SPN 709/FMI 5
SPN 711 (CPC) – DPF Regen Lamp
SPN 711/FMI 3
SPN 711/FMI 4
SPN 713 (CPC) – Top2 Lockout Solenoid
SPN 713/FMI 3
SPN 713/FMI 4
SPN 713/FMI 5
SPN 713/FMI 7
SPN 714 (CPC) – Top2 Shift Solenoid
SPN 714/FMI 3
SPN 714/FMI 4
SPN 714/FMI 5
SPN 715 (CPC) – Vehicle Power Shutdown
SPN 715/FMI 3
SPN 715/FMI 4
SPN 715/FMI 5
SPN 715 – Electrostatic Oil Separator Circuit
SPN 715/FMI 5
SPN 723 – Camshaft Position Sensor Fault
SPN 723/FMI 1
SPN 723/FMI 3
SPN 723/FMI 4
SPN 723/FMI 8
SPN 723/FMI 14
SPN 729 – Grid Heater Not Operating Normally
SPN 729/FMI 3
SPN 729/FMI 4
SPN 904 (CPC) – J1939 Ebc2 Message Missing and Front Axle Speed Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 904/FMI 9
SPN 904/FMI 13
SPN 904/FMI 19
SPN 973 (CPC) – J1939 Ebc1 Message Missing and Engine Retarder Selection Signal Erratic or Missing
SPN 973/FMI 9
SPN 973/FMI 13
SPN 973/FMI 19
SPN 975 – Two-Speed Fan (Aux PWM #6) Fault
SPN 975/FMI 3
SPN 975/FMI 4
SPN 975/FMI 5
SPN 986 (CPC) – J1939 Cm1 Message Is Missing
SPN 986/FMI 9
SPN 1072 – Constant Throttle Valve (Aux PWM #7) Not Operating Normally
SPN 1072/FMI 3
SPN 1072/FMI 4
SPN 1072/FMI 5
SPN 1073 – Brake Gate Not Operating Normally
SPN 1073/FMI 3
SPN 1073/FMI 4
SPN 1073/FMI 5
SPN 1172 – Turbo Compressor in Temp High or Low
SPN 1172/FMI 2
SPN 1172/Fmi3
SPN 1172/FMI 4
SPN 1176 – Turbo Compressor Inlet Pressure Outside Normal Range
SPN 1176/FMI 3
SPN 1176/FMI 4
SPN 1323/FMI 31 – Cylinder #1 Misfire Detected
SPN 1323/FMI 31
SPN 1324/FMI 31 – Cylinder #2 Misfire Detected
SPN 1324/FMI 31
SPN 1325/FMI 31 – Cylinder #3 Misfire Detected
SPN 1325/FMI 31
SPN 1326/FMI 31 – Cylinder #4 Misfire Detected
SPN 1326/FMI 31
SPN 1327/FMI 31 – Cylinder #5 Misfire Detected
SPN 1327/FMI 31
SPN 1328/FMI 31 – Cylinder #6 Misfire Detected
SPN 1328/FMI 31
SPN 1590 (CPC) – J1939 Acc1 Message From Adaptive Cruise Control Missing
SPN 1590/FMI 9
SPN 1624 (CPC) – J1939 Tco1 Message Missing and Tachograph Vehicle Speed Signal Erratic and Missing
SPN 1624/FMI 9
SPN 1624/FMI 13
SPN 1624/FMI 19
SPN 1636 – Intake Manifold Temperature Outside of Normal Operating Range
SPN 1636/FMI 2
SPN 1636/FMI 3
SPN 1636/FMI 4
SPN 1636/FMI 14
SPN 1716 (CPC) – J1939 Erc1 Message Is Missing
SPN 1716/FMI 9
SPN 1845 (CPC) – J1939 Tcfg2 Message Is Missing
SPN 1845/FMI 9
SPN 2623 (CPC) – PWM Accelerator Pedal Gas1 and Gas2 Signal Missing
SPN 2623/FMI 4
SPN 2623/FMI 14
SPN 2630 Intake Manifold Temperature Circuit Out of Range
SPN 2630/FMI 3
SPN 2630/FMI 4
SPN 2631 – Turbocharger Boost Performance
SPN 2631/FMI 1
SPN 2631/FMI 2
SPN 2791 – EGR Valve (Aux PWM #1) Failed or Open Circuit
SPN 2791/FMI 3
SPN 2791/FMI 4
SPN 2791/FMI 5
SPN 2791/FMI 7
SPN 2797 – Cylinder #1, 2, or 3 Injector/Unit Pump Control Valve Not Operating Normally
SPN 2797/FMI 3
SPN 2797/FMI 4
SPN 2797/FMI 5
SPN 2797/FMI 6
SPN 2798 – Cylinder #4, 5, or 6 Injector/Unit Pump Control Valve Not Operating Normally
SPN 2798/FMI 3
SPN 2798/FMI 4
SPN 2798/FMI 5
SPN 2900 (CPC) – J1939 Etc7 Message Is Missing
SPN 2900/FMI 9
SPN 3058 – EGR System Parametrization Error
SPN 3058/FMI 13
SPN 3064 – DPF System Parametrization Error
SPN 3064/FMI 13
SPN 3242 – Doc Inlet Temperature Sensor Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 3242/FMI 2, 3, 4 or 10
SPN 3246 – DPF Outlet Temperature Sensor Operating Above or Below Normal
SPN 3246/FMI 0, 2, 3, 4, 10, 14, 31
SPN 3250 – DPF Inlet Temperature Sensor Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 3250/FMI 0, 2, 3, 4, 10, 14, 31
SPN 3251 – DPF Outlet Pressure Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 3251/FMI 0, 1 or 16
SPN 3471 – Electronic Dosing Valve Sensor Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 3471/FMI 1, 3, 4 or 5
SPN 3480 – Fuel Line Pressure Sensor Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 3480/FMI 1, 2 or 14
SPN 3482 – Fuel Cutoff Valve Sensor Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 3482/FMI 3, 4, 5 or 7
SPN 3509 – 5 V Sensor Supply Bank 1 Failure
SPN 3509/FMI 3
SPN 3509/FMI 4
SPN 3510 – 5 V Sensor Supply Bank 2 Failure
SPN 3510/FMI 3
SPN 3510/FMI 4
SPN 3510 – Accelerator Pedal Supply Outside of Normal Operating Range
SPN 3510/FMI 2
SPN 3510/FMI 3
SPN 3510/FMI 4
SPN 3511 – 3 V Sensor Supply Bank 1 Failure
SPN 3511/FMI 3
SPN 3512 – 3 V Sensor Supply Bank 2 Failure
SPN 3512/FMI 3
SPN 3556 – Electronic Dosing Valve Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 3556/FMI 0 or 1
SPN 3563 – Intake Manifold Pressure Outside Normal Range
SPN 3563/FMI 0/1/2
SPN 3563/FMI 3
SPN 3563/FMI 4
SPN 3563/FMI 20
SPN 3603 (CPC) – J1939 ESS Message Is Missing
SPN 3603/FMI 9
SPN 3609 – DPF Inlet Pressure Sensor Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 3609FMI 2, 3, 4, 10, 20 or 21
SPN 3610 – DPF Outlet Pressure Sensor Above or Below Normal Operating Range
SPN 3610/FMI 2, 3, 4, 14, 20 or 21
SPN 3659 – Electronic Unit Pump #1 Not Operating Normally
SPN 3659/FMI 6
SPN 3659/FMI 14
SPN 3660 – Electronic Unit Pump #2 Not Operating Normally
SPN 3660/FMI 6
SPN 3660/FMI 14
SPN 3661 – Electronic Unit Pump #3 Not Operating Normally
SPN 3661/FMI 6
SPN 3661/FMI 14
SPN 3662 – Electronic Unit Pump #4 Not Operating Normally
SPN 3662/FMI 6
SPN 3662/FMI 14
SPN 3663 – Electronic Unit Pump #5 Not Operating Normally
SPN 3663/FMI 6
SPN 3663/FMI 14
SPN 3664 – Electronic Unit Pump #6 Not Operating Normally
SPN 3664/FMI 6
SPN 3664/FMI 14
SPN 3695 (CPC) – DPF Regen Mux Switch Messages Not Operating Normally
SPN 3695/FMI 9
SPN 3695/FMI 13
SPN 3695/FMI 14
SPN 3695/FMI 19
SPN 3719 – Soot Level Above Normal
SPN 3719/FMI 0, 15,16,or 31
SPN 3720 – Ash Level Above Normal
SPN 3720/FMI 15 or 16
SPN 4077 – Fuel Line Pressure Sensor Circuit Fault
SPN 4077/FMI 3, 4 or 14
SPN 4226 – Inlet Air Delta Pressure Outside of Normal Operating Range
SPN 4226/FMI 0
SPN 4226/FMI 1
SPN 4226/FMI 3
SPN 4226/FMI 4
SPN 4227 – Electrostatic Oil Separator Outside of Normal Operating Range
SPN 4227/FMI 3
SPN 4227/FMI 4
SPN 4227/FMI 7
SPN 4259 Injector Unit Pump Control Valve Cylinders #4, #5 and #6 Are Shorted to Ground
SPN 4259/FMI 4

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